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The late-19th and early-20th centuries saw a revolution in transportation with the invention of the airplane and auto. The 20th century brought a host of innovations. In physics, the discovery of nuclear fission has actually led to both nuclear weapons and nuclear power. Computer systems were developed and later on miniaturized using transistors and incorporated circuits.
People started to check out space with satellites (late 1950s, later on utilized for telecommunication) and in manned objectives (1960s) going all the way to the moon. In medicine, this era brought developments such as open-heart surgery and later on stem-cell therapy together with brand-new medications and treatments. Complex production and building and construction strategies and organizations are needed to make and maintain a few of the more recent technologies, and whole industries have actually developed to support and establish prospering generations of increasingly more complex tools.
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Moreover, these innovations have actually become so complex that whole fields have established to support them, consisting of engineering, medication, and computer technology; and other fields have become more complex, such as building and construction, transportation, and architecture. Approach Technicism Generally, technicism is the belief in the utility of innovation for improving human societies.
Some, such as Stephen V. Monsma, connect these concepts to the abdication of religious beliefs as a higher moral authority. Optimism Positive assumptions are made by supporters of ideologies such as transhumanism and singularitarianism, which see technological development as normally having beneficial results for the society and the human condition. In these ideologies, technological advancement is ethically good.
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Singularitarians believe in some sort of "accelerating change"; that the rate of technological development speeds up as we acquire more technology, which this will culminate in a "Singularity" after synthetic general intelligence is invented in which progress is almost boundless; for this reason the term. Price quotes for the date of this Singularity differ, but prominent futurist Ray Kurzweil approximates the Singularity will take place in 2045.