The application of clinical understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electrical power utilized today. Electrical power usage and living requirements are highly associated. Electrification is believed to be the most essential engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the amount of strategies, skills, techniques, and processes utilized in the production of goods or services or in the achievement of goals, such as scientific examination.
Systems (e. g. devices) using technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's usage, and after that producing an result are described as innovation systems or technological systems. The most basic form of technology is the advancement and use of fundamental tools. The ancient discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the readily available sources of food, and the innovation of the wheel helped people to take a trip in and manage their environment.
Technology has numerous impacts. It has assisted develop advanced economies (consisting of today's international economy) and has permitted the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce undesirable by-products called pollution and diminish natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Developments have actually always influenced the worths of a society and raised brand-new concerns in the ethics of technology.
Philosophical arguments have occurred over the use of innovation, with differences over whether innovation improves the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary movements slam the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it hurts the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as advantageous to society and the human condition.
Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was used either to describe the description or research study of the beneficial arts or to mention technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution.