Technology : NPR Fundamentals Explained
For instance, science may study the circulation of electrons in electrical conductors by utilizing already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge may then be utilized by engineers to develop brand-new tools and makers such as semiconductors, computer systems, and other kinds of sophisticated technology. In this sense, researchers and engineers might both be thought about technologists ; the three fields are frequently thought about as one for the functions of research study and reference. The exact relations between science and technology, in particular, have been debated by researchers, historians, and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part due to the fact that the debate can inform the funding of basic and applied science.
An articulation of this philosophy might be found explicitly in Vannevar Bush's treatise on postwar science policy, Science The Endless Frontier: "New items, brand-new markets, and more tasks require constant additions to knowledge of the laws of nature ... This important new understanding can be obtained only through basic clinical research study." In the late-1960s, however, this view came under direct attack, leading towards efforts to fund science for particular tasks (initiatives withstood by the scientific neighborhood). The concern remains contentious, though many experts resist the model that technology is an outcome of clinical research study.