7 Easy Facts About Campus Technology: Campus Enterprise Networking Explained
Making use of the term "technology" has actually changed considerably over the last 200 years. Before the 20th century, the term was unusual in English, and it was used either to refer to the description or research study of the useful arts or to mention technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "innovation" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution. The term's meanings changed in the early 20th century when American social researchers, beginning with Thorstein Veblen, translated concepts from the German idea of into "technology." In German and other European languages, a distinction exists between technik and technologie that is missing in English, which generally equates both terms as "innovation." By the 1930s, "technology" referred not only to the study of the commercial arts but to the commercial arts themselves.
Defense in focus: with new technology comes new risk - Clearswift
Researchers and engineers normally prefer to define technology as applied science, instead of as the things that individuals make and use. More just recently, scholars have obtained from European philosophers of "strategy" to extend the meaning of technology to various types of instrumental factor, as in Foucault's deal with technologies of the self (strategies de soi). Dictionaries and scholars have provided a variety of meanings. The offers a meaning of the term: "making use of science in market, engineering, etc., to develop beneficial things or to resolve issues" and "a maker, tool, technique, and so on, that is produced by innovation." Ursula Franklin, in her 1989 "Real World of Innovation" lecture, provided another definition of the idea; it is "practice, the way we do things around here." The term is frequently used to suggest a particular field of innovation, or to refer to high technology or simply customer electronic devices, instead of innovation as a whole.