The Technological Influence on Society - BCTV Statements
For instance, science may study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors by using already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge may then be utilized by engineers to produce new tools and devices such as semiconductors, computers, and other kinds of innovative innovation. In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be thought about technologists ; the 3 fields are often thought about as one for the purposes of research and referral. The precise relations in between science and innovation, in particular, have been disputed by researchers, historians, and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part due to the fact that the argument can inform the financing of basic and applied science.
An articulation of this philosophy might be found clearly in Vannevar Bush's writing on postwar science policy, Science The Limitless Frontier: "New products, new industries, and more tasks require continuous additions to understanding of the laws of nature ... This vital brand-new understanding can be obtained only through fundamental clinical research study." In the late-1960s, nevertheless, this view came under direct attack, leading towards initiatives to fund science for specific tasks (efforts resisted by the clinical community). The problem remains contentious, though many analysts withstand the design that technology is an outcome of scientific research.