A Biased View of Government Technology State & Local Articles - e.Republic
For example, science may study the circulation of electrons in electrical conductors by utilizing already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge might then be utilized by engineers to create new tools and makers such as semiconductors, computer systems, and other forms of sophisticated technology. In this sense, scientists and engineers might both be considered technologists ; the three fields are often considered as one for the functions of research and reference. The specific relations between science and technology, in specific, have actually been debated by scientists, historians, and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part since the debate can notify the funding of basic and used science.
An articulation of this approach could be found clearly in Vannevar Bush's writing on postwar science policy, Science The Limitless Frontier: "New products, new markets, and more jobs need constant additions to knowledge of the laws of nature ... This important brand-new knowledge can be acquired only through basic clinical research study." In the late-1960s, however, this view came under direct attack, leading towards initiatives to fund science for particular jobs (efforts resisted by the clinical neighborhood). The problem stays contentious, though most analysts resist the model that innovation is an outcome of clinical research.