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The late-19th and early-20th centuries saw a revolution in transportation with the invention of the airplane and vehicle. The 20th century brought a host of developments. In physics, the discovery of nuclear fission has led to both nuclear weapons and nuclear power. Computer systems were invented and later on miniaturized using transistors and incorporated circuits.
People started to explore area with satellites (late 1950s, later used for telecommunication) and in manned missions (1960s) going all the way to the moon. In medication, this age brought developments such as open-heart surgical treatment and later on stem-cell treatment in addition to new medications and treatments. Complex manufacturing and construction techniques and organizations are required to make and keep a few of the newer technologies, and whole markets have occurred to support and establish prospering generations of progressively more complex tools.
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Additionally, these technologies have ended up being so intricate that entire fields have established to support them, including engineering, medicine, and computer technology; and other fields have become more complicated, such as building, transport, and architecture. Viewpoint Technicism Typically, technicism is the belief in the energy of technology for improving human societies.
Some, such as Stephen V. Monsma, link these concepts to the abdication of faith as a greater moral authority. Optimism Optimistic assumptions are made by advocates of ideologies such as transhumanism and singularitarianism, which view technological advancement as usually having advantageous results for the society and the human condition. In these ideologies, technological development is ethically good.
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Singularitarians believe in some sort of "speeding up change"; that the rate of technological development speeds up as we obtain more innovation, and that this will culminate in a "Singularity" after artificial basic intelligence is created in which progress is almost limitless; for this reason the term. Price quotes for the date of this Singularity vary, but prominent futurist Ray Kurzweil estimates the Singularity will happen in 2045.