Knowledge of means of accomplishing objectives A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electrical power used today. Electrical energy usage and living requirements are extremely correlated. Electrification is believed to be the most crucial engineering achievement of the 20th century.  Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the amount of methods, skills, techniques, and processes used in the production of items or services or in the accomplishment of goals, such as scientific investigation.
Systems (e. g. makers) using technology by taking an input, altering it according to the system's usage, and then producing an result are referred to as innovation systems or technological systems. The simplest kind of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The ancient discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Transformation increased the readily available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel assisted people to travel in and control their environment.
Innovation has lots of effects. It has helped establish more sophisticated economies (including today's worldwide economy) and has enabled the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted spin-offs called pollution and deplete natural deposits to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Innovations have actually always influenced the values of a society and raised brand-new questions in the principles of innovation.
Philosophical disputes have actually developed over making use of technology, with disputes over whether innovation improves the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary movements slam the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it hurts the environment and alienates people; supporters of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as beneficial to society and the human condition.
Prior to the 20th century, the term was unusual in English, and it was used either to describe the description or research study of the beneficial arts or to point to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" increased to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the 2nd Industrial Transformation.