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Application of clinical understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electrical energy used today. Electricity intake and living standards are highly correlated. Electrification is thought to be the most essential engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the amount of strategies, abilities, methods, and processes utilized in the production of items or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific examination.
Systems (e. g. devices) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's usage, and after that producing an result are referred to as technology systems or technological systems. The most basic kind of innovation is the advancement and usage of fundamental tools. The ancient discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the readily available sources of food, and the innovation of the wheel helped people to take a trip in and control their environment.
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Innovation has numerous impacts. It has actually helped establish advanced economies (consisting of today's international economy) and has actually allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological procedures produce unwanted spin-offs known as contamination and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have actually always influenced the values of a society and raised new concerns in the principles of technology.
Philosophical disputes have arisen over making use of innovation, with differences over whether innovation improves the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary motions criticize the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it damages the environment and pushes away individuals; advocates of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as helpful to society and the human condition.
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Prior to the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was utilized either to refer to the description or research study of the helpful arts or to allude to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution.