Application of clinical understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce many of the electrical power utilized today. Electricity intake and living standards are highly associated. Electrification is thought to be the most crucial engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the sum of strategies, abilities, methods, and processes used in the production of products or services or in the achievement of objectives, such as scientific investigation.
Systems (e. g. makers) using technology by taking an input, altering it according to the system's usage, and then producing an result are described as technology systems or technological systems. The simplest kind of innovation is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Transformation increased the offered sources of food, and the creation of the wheel assisted humans to take a trip in and manage their environment.
Innovation has numerous results. It has helped establish advanced economies (consisting of today's global economy) and has actually allowed the increase of a leisure class. Lots of technological procedures produce unwanted by-products called contamination and deplete natural deposits to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Innovations have always affected the worths of a society and raised brand-new questions in the principles of innovation.
Philosophical disputes have occurred over the use of technology, with differences over whether technology improves the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary motions slam the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates individuals; supporters of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as advantageous to society and the human condition.
Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was utilized either to refer to the description or research study of the beneficial arts or to point to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" increased to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Transformation.