The application of scientific knowledge A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce many of the electrical power utilized today. Electrical energy usage and living standards are highly associated. Electrification is thought to be the most essential engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the sum of techniques, abilities, methods, and processes utilized in the production of products or services or in the achievement of objectives, such as clinical examination.
Systems (e. g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, altering it according to the system's usage, and after that producing an result are referred to as innovation systems or technological systems. The easiest form of innovation is the advancement and use of standard tools. The ancient discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the offered sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped human beings to take a trip in and control their environment.
Innovation has many effects. It has assisted develop advanced economies (consisting of today's global economy) and has permitted the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products referred to as pollution and deplete natural deposits to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Developments have actually constantly influenced the values of a society and raised new concerns in the principles of technology.
Philosophical arguments have occurred over making use of technology, with arguments over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary motions slam the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it hurts the environment and alienates individuals; supporters of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as advantageous to society and the human condition.
Prior to the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was used either to describe the description or study of the useful arts or to mention technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "innovation" increased to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Transformation.