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The late-19th and early-20th centuries saw a transformation in transportation with the development of the airplane and automobile. The 20th century brought a host of innovations. In physics, the discovery of nuclear fission has caused both nuclear weapons and nuclear power. Computer systems were created and later on miniaturized utilizing transistors and incorporated circuits.
Humans began to check out space with satellites (late 1950s, later on used for telecommunication) and in manned objectives (1960s) going all the method to the moon. In medicine, this era brought innovations such as open-heart surgical treatment and later stem-cell therapy in addition to new medications and treatments. Complex production and construction techniques and companies are required to make and keep a few of the newer innovations, and entire markets have actually emerged to support and develop succeeding generations of progressively more complex tools.
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Additionally, these innovations have actually become so complex that whole fields have actually established to support them, consisting of engineering, medicine, and computer science; and other fields have ended up being more complicated, such as construction, transportation, and architecture. Philosophy Technicism Usually, technicism is the belief in the utility of technology for improving human societies.
Some, such as Stephen V. Monsma, connect these concepts to the abdication of faith as a greater ethical authority. Optimism Optimistic assumptions are made by proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and singularitarianism, which view technological advancement as normally having advantageous effects for the society and the human condition. In these ideologies, technological development is morally excellent.
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Singularitarians think in some sort of "speeding up change"; that the rate of technological progress accelerates as we obtain more technology, and that this will culminate in a "Singularity" after artificial general intelligence is created in which progress is nearly unlimited; for this reason the term. Estimates for the date of this Singularity differ, but prominent futurist Ray Kurzweil approximates the Singularity will happen in 2045.