Office of the Science and Technology Adviser - United States Department of State
The Definitive Guide to Washington Technology - Latest News for Government
When integrated with another term, such as "medical technology" or "space technology," it refers to the state of the particular field's understanding and tools. "State-of-the-art innovation" describes the high technology offered to humanity in any field. Innovation can be deemed an activity that forms or alters culture. Furthermore, innovation is the application of mathematics, science, and the arts for the benefit of life as it is known. A modern example is the rise of interaction innovation, which has actually minimized barriers to human interaction and as an outcome has assisted generate new subcultures; the rise of cyberculture has at its basis the development of the Internet and the computer system.
Technology - The Government of Japan - JapanGov -
The distinction in between science, engineering, and technology is not constantly clear. Science is organized understanding of the physical or material world acquired through observation and experimentation. Technologies are not generally exclusively products of science, since they need to satisfy requirements such as energy, functionality, and security. Engineering is the goal-oriented procedure of creating and making tools and systems to make use of natural phenomena for useful human means, frequently (however not constantly) using results and methods from science. The advancement of technology may bring into play many fields of knowledge, including clinical, engineering, mathematical, linguistic, and historical knowledge, to accomplish some useful result.
For instance, science might study the circulation of electrons in electrical conductors by using already-existing tools and understanding. This new-found understanding may then be used by engineers to produce brand-new tools and devices such as semiconductors, computer systems, and other types of advanced technology. In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be thought about technologists ; the 3 fields are typically considered as one for the functions of research study and recommendation. The specific relations in between science and technology, in particular, have been disputed by scientists, historians, and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part because the dispute can inform the financing of fundamental and applied science.