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Application of clinical understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce many of the electricity utilized today. Electrical energy consumption and living requirements are highly correlated. Electrification is believed to be the most essential engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the amount of methods, skills, techniques, and processes utilized in the production of products or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as clinical investigation.
Systems (e. g. machines) applying innovation by taking an input, altering it according to the system's use, and then producing an outcome are described as innovation systems or technological systems. The most basic kind of innovation is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric invention of shaped stone tools followed by the discovery of how to control fire increased sources of food.
The innovation of the wheel assisted humans to take a trip in and control their environment. Advancements in historical times, consisting of the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have minimized physical barriers to communication and permitted humans to connect easily on a global scale. Innovation has numerous impacts. It has actually assisted develop advanced economies (including today's worldwide economy) and has enabled the increase of a leisure class.
Innovations have constantly influenced the values of a society and raised new concerns in the principles of technology. Examples consist of the increase of the idea of efficiency in regards to human efficiency, and the difficulties of bioethics. Philosophical disputes have occurred over making use of technology, with arguments over whether innovation enhances the human condition or worsens it.
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Definition and use The usage of the term "technology" has altered substantially over the last 200 years. Prior to the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was utilized either to refer to the description or research study of the beneficial arts or to point to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861).