The Port Technology: Smart - Digital - Live Ideas
For instance, science might study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors by utilizing already-existing tools and understanding. This new-found understanding might then be utilized by engineers to create new tools and makers such as semiconductors, computer systems, and other forms of sophisticated innovation. In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered technologists ; the three fields are often considered as one for the functions of research and reference. The precise relations in between science and technology, in particular, have been disputed by researchers, historians, and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part because the argument can notify the funding of fundamental and applied science.
An articulation of this approach might be discovered explicitly in Vannevar Bush's treatise on postwar science policy, Science The Limitless Frontier: "New items, new markets, and more tasks require constant additions to knowledge of the laws of nature ... This vital new knowledge can be gotten just through basic clinical research." In the late-1960s, nevertheless, this view came under direct attack, leading towards initiatives to fund science for particular tasks (initiatives resisted by the scientific community). The issue remains controversial, though a lot of analysts resist the design that technology is a result of scientific research study.