Application of scientific understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electricity used today. Electricity usage and living standards are extremely associated. Electrification is thought to be the most important engineering achievement of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of items or services or in the achievement of goals, such as scientific investigation. Innovation can be the knowledge of strategies, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to permit operation without detailed understanding of their functions.
g. machines) using innovation by taking an input, changing it according to the system's usage, and after that producing an outcome are referred to as innovation systems or technological systems. The easiest type of technology is the advancement and use of standard tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the readily available sources of food, and the innovation of the wheel helped humans to take a trip in and control their environment. Advancements in historical times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Web, have minimized physical barriers to interaction and enabled people to interact easily on a global scale.
It has assisted establish advanced economies (including today's international economy) and has enabled the increase of a leisure class. Lots of technological processes produce undesirable spin-offs referred to as contamination and diminish natural deposits to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have actually constantly affected the worths of a society and raised brand-new questions in the principles of technology. Examples include the increase of the idea of performance in terms of human efficiency, and the difficulties of bioethics. Philosophical debates have emerged over making use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology enhances the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary movements slam the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it harms the environment and pushes away people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as advantageous to society and the human condition.