Knowledge of means of accomplishing objectives A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electrical energy utilized today. Electrical energy usage and living standards are highly associated. Electrification is believed to be the most crucial engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the sum of methods, skills, techniques, and processes used in the production of items or services or in the accomplishment of goals, such as clinical investigation.
Systems (e. g. devices) using innovation by taking an input, changing it according to the system's use, and then producing an result are referred to as technology systems or technological systems. The most basic type of technology is the advancement and use of basic tools. The ancient discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the creation of the wheel helped human beings to travel in and control their environment.
Technology has lots of results. It has helped develop more innovative economies (consisting of today's worldwide economy) and has permitted the rise of a leisure class. Numerous technological processes produce unwanted by-products referred to as pollution and deplete natural deposits to the detriment of Earth's environment. Developments have actually constantly affected the worths of a society and raised new concerns in the ethics of innovation.
Philosophical disputes have actually developed over the usage of innovation, with arguments over whether innovation enhances the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary motions criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it hurts the environment and alienates individuals; advocates of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as useful to society and the human condition.
Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was utilized either to describe the description or study of the beneficial arts or to mention technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "innovation" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Transformation.