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Using the term "technology" has actually changed significantly over the last 200 years. Before the 20th century, the term was unusual in English, and it was used either to refer to the description or study of the helpful arts or to allude to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution. The term's meanings altered in the early 20th century when American social scientists, starting with Thorstein Veblen, equated concepts from the German concept of into "technology." In German and other European languages, a difference exists between technik and technologie that is absent in English, which typically equates both terms as "innovation." By the 1930s, "technology" referred not just to the study of the commercial arts however to the industrial arts themselves.
Researchers and engineers typically prefer to specify innovation as used science, rather than as the important things that individuals make and use. More recently, scholars have actually borrowed from European thinkers of "method" to extend the significance of technology to different kinds of crucial reason, as in Foucault's work on technologies of the self (techniques de soi). Dictionaries and scholars have provided a variety of meanings. The deals a definition of the term: "the use of science in market, engineering, and so on, to create helpful things or to resolve problems" and "a device, tool, method, etc., that is developed by innovation." Ursula Franklin, in her 1989 "Genuine World of Technology" lecture, provided another definition of the principle; it is "practice, the method we do things around here." The term is often used to suggest a particular field of technology, or to describe high technology or simply consumer electronic devices, rather than innovation as a whole.