Application of scientific knowledge A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electrical power used today. Electrical energy usage and living standards are highly correlated. Electrification is believed to be the most important engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the sum of strategies, skills, methods, and processes utilized in the production of products or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Innovation can be the understanding of methods, procedures, and so on, or it can be embedded in devices to allow for operation without detailed understanding of their operations.
g. machines) using innovation by taking an input, altering it according to the system's usage, and after that producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems. The simplest form of innovation is the development and usage of standard tools. The ancient discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the readily available sources of food, and the creation of the wheel helped people to take a trip in and manage their environment. Advancements in historic times, consisting of the printing press, the telephone, and the Web, have decreased physical barriers to interaction and enabled humans to connect freely on a worldwide scale.
It has actually assisted establish more advanced economies (including today's worldwide economy) and has enabled the increase of a leisure class. Lots of technological processes produce undesirable by-products called pollution and deplete natural deposits to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Innovations have actually constantly influenced the values of a society and raised new concerns in the ethics of technology. Examples include the increase of the notion of effectiveness in regards to human performance, and the challenges of bioethics. Philosophical debates have actually emerged over making use of innovation, with differences over whether technology enhances the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements slam the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and pushes away individuals; supporters of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as beneficial to society and the human condition.