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Application of clinical knowledge A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electricity used today. Electrical power consumption and living requirements are extremely correlated. Electrification is thought to be the most crucial engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the sum of techniques, abilities, methods, and processes used in the production of items or services or in the achievement of goals, such as clinical examination.
Systems (e. g. devices) applying technology by taking an input, altering it according to the system's use, and after that producing an result are referred to as technology systems or technological systems. The easiest form of innovation is the advancement and usage of fundamental tools. The ancient discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Transformation increased the offered sources of food, and the innovation of the wheel assisted human beings to travel in and control their environment.
Innovation has many effects. It has helped establish advanced economies (consisting of today's global economy) and has actually allowed the increase of a leisure class. Numerous technological procedures produce unwanted spin-offs called pollution and diminish natural deposits to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Developments have constantly affected the worths of a society and raised brand-new concerns in the principles of innovation.
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Philosophical debates have arisen over making use of innovation, with arguments over whether technology enhances the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it damages the environment and pushes away individuals; supporters of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as advantageous to society and the human condition.
Prior to the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was utilized either to describe the description or research study of the helpful arts or to point to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "innovation" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Transformation.