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Knowledge of methods of achieving objectives A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electricity used today. Electrical energy consumption and living standards are extremely correlated. Electrification is believed to be the most crucial engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the amount of strategies, skills, methods, and processes utilized in the production of products or services or in the achievement of objectives, such as clinical examination.
Systems (e. g. machines) using innovation by taking an input, altering it according to the system's use, and after that producing an result are described as technology systems or technological systems. The simplest type of technology is the advancement and use of fundamental tools. The ancient discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Transformation increased the available sources of food, and the innovation of the wheel helped human beings to take a trip in and manage their environment.
Innovation has many results. It has actually helped establish more advanced economies (consisting of today's global economy) and has actually permitted the rise of a leisure class. Lots of technological processes produce undesirable by-products referred to as contamination and diminish natural deposits to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Innovations have constantly influenced the worths of a society and raised new questions in the principles of technology.
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Philosophical arguments have actually developed over making use of innovation, with differences over whether technology improves the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary movements slam the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it damages the environment and pushes away individuals; supporters of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as useful to society and the human condition.
Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was used either to refer to the description or study of the beneficial arts or to allude to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "innovation" increased to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution.