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The application of scientific knowledge A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce many of the electricity used today. Electrical power intake and living standards are extremely associated. Electrification is believed to be the most crucial engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the sum of methods, abilities, methods, and processes utilized in the production of items or services or in the achievement of objectives, such as clinical investigation.
Systems (e. g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's usage, and then producing an result are referred to as technology systems or technological systems. The easiest kind of innovation is the advancement and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the creation of the wheel assisted people to travel in and control their environment.
Innovation has numerous impacts. It has assisted establish more sophisticated economies (including today's global economy) and has actually allowed the increase of a leisure class. Numerous technological processes produce unwanted spin-offs known as contamination and diminish natural deposits to the detriment of Earth's environment. Developments have constantly affected the worths of a society and raised brand-new questions in the ethics of innovation.
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Philosophical debates have occurred over making use of technology, with differences over whether innovation enhances the human condition or intensifies it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary motions slam the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates individuals; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as useful to society and the human condition.
Prior to the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was used either to refer to the description or research study of the helpful arts or to allude to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" increased to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the 2nd Industrial Transformation.