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Application of scientific knowledge A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce many of the electrical power used today. Electricity intake and living standards are extremely associated. Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the amount of methods, skills, techniques, and processes used in the production of items or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as clinical examination.
Systems (e. g. makers) applying innovation by taking an input, altering it according to the system's usage, and after that producing an outcome are referred to as innovation systems or technological systems. The most basic form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The ancient invention of shaped stone tools followed by the discovery of how to control fire increased sources of food.
The innovation of the wheel helped people to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historical times, consisting of the printing press, the telephone, and the Web, have actually lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed people to engage easily on a worldwide scale. Innovation has lots of results. It has helped establish advanced economies (including today's international economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class.
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Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of innovation. Examples consist of the rise of the notion of effectiveness in regards to human efficiency, and the challenges of bioethics. Philosophical disputes have developed over the use of technology, with disputes over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it.
Meaning and use Using the term "innovation" has changed significantly over the last 200 years. Prior to the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was used either to describe the description or research study of the helpful arts or to allude to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861).
The term's significances altered in the early 20th century when American social scientists, starting with Thorstein Veblen, translated concepts from the German idea of into "innovation." In German and other European languages, a difference exists between technik and technologie that is absent in English, which normally equates both terms as "innovation." By the 1930s, "technology" referred not just to the research study of the commercial arts but to the industrial arts themselves.