Application of clinical knowledge A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce many of the electrical power utilized today. Electrical power usage and living standards are highly associated. Electrification is thought to be the most essential engineering achievement of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the sum of strategies, abilities, techniques, and processes used in the production of products or services or in the achievement of objectives, such as clinical examination.
Systems (e. g. devices) using technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's use, and after that producing an outcome are referred to as innovation systems or technological systems. The easiest kind of technology is the development and use of standard tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Transformation increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped people to travel in and manage their environment.
Technology has numerous results. It has assisted establish advanced economies (including today's international economy) and has actually enabled the increase of a leisure class. Lots of technological processes produce undesirable by-products known as contamination and deplete natural deposits to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Innovations have always influenced the worths of a society and raised brand-new questions in the ethics of innovation.
Philosophical disputes have actually developed over making use of innovation, with disputes over whether technology improves the human condition or intensifies it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary motions criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it damages the environment and pushes away individuals; advocates of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as helpful to society and the human condition.
Before the 20th century, the term was unusual in English, and it was utilized either to refer to the description or study of the useful arts or to mention technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "innovation" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the 2nd Industrial Transformation.