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Then, in 1948, in an extreme departure from previous definitions, the World Health Company (WHO) proposed a meaning that aimed higher, linking health to well-being, in terms of "physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and imperfection". Although this meaning was invited by some as being ingenious, it was also slammed for being vague and exceedingly broad and was not construed as quantifiable.
Just as there was a shift from viewing illness as a state to thinking about it as a process, the same shift took place in meanings of health. Once again, the WHO played a leading function when it cultivated the development of the health promotion movement in the 1980s. This brought in a new conception of health, not as a state, but in vibrant terms of resiliency, simply put, as "a resource for living".
Health is a resource for daily life, not the objective of living; it is a favorable concept, highlighting social and individual resources, in addition to physical capabilities." Therefore, health described the ability to maintain homeostasis and recover from adverse occasions. Psychological, intellectual, psychological and social health referred to a person's ability to handle stress, to acquire abilities, to maintain relationships, all of which type resources for resiliency and independent living.