The application of scientific understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electrical energy used today. Electrical energy intake and living standards are extremely correlated. Electrification is thought to be the most crucial engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the sum of strategies, abilities, approaches, and processes used in the production of products or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific examination.
Systems (e. g. makers) applying technology by taking an input, altering it according to the system's use, and after that producing an result are described as technology systems or technological systems. The most basic form of innovation is the advancement and usage of basic tools. The ancient discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the readily available sources of food, and the development of the wheel assisted people to take a trip in and control their environment.
Technology has many effects. It has helped establish advanced economies (consisting of today's international economy) and has actually permitted the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products called contamination and diminish natural resources to the hinderance of Earth's environment. Developments have actually always affected the worths of a society and raised brand-new concerns in the ethics of technology.
Philosophical debates have actually developed over the use of technology, with disputes over whether innovation improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary motions criticize the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it damages the environment and alienates individuals; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as useful to society and the human condition.
Before the 20th century, the term was unusual in English, and it was utilized either to refer to the description or research study of the useful arts or to point to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "innovation" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the 2nd Industrial Revolution.