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Application of clinical understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electricity utilized today. Electricity usage and living standards are highly correlated. Electrification is thought to be the most essential engineering achievement of the 20th century.  Innovation (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, ability, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the amount of methods, abilities, approaches, and processes utilized in the production of products or services or in the achievement of goals, such as scientific examination. Innovation can be the knowledge of techniques, procedures, and so forth, or it can be embedded in devices to permit for operation without comprehensive knowledge of their functions.
g. machines) using technology by taking an input, altering it according to the system's usage, and after that producing an outcome are described as technology systems or technological systems. The simplest form of technology is the advancement and usage of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the creation of the wheel assisted humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, consisting of the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have actually decreased physical barriers to communication and permitted people to communicate freely on an international scale.
It has assisted establish more sophisticated economies (including today's international economy) and has actually allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce undesirable spin-offs understood as contamination and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have always affected the values of a society and raised new questions in the principles of technology. Examples consist of the increase of the concept of effectiveness in regards to human efficiency, and the obstacles of bioethics. Philosophical arguments have occurred over the use of technology, with arguments over whether technology enhances the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary motions criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it hurts the environment and alienates people; advocates of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as helpful to society and the human condition.