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The late-19th and early-20th centuries saw a transformation in transportation with the development of the plane and car. The 20th century brought a host of developments. In physics, the discovery of nuclear fission has actually caused both nuclear weapons and nuclear power. Computers were developed and later miniaturized utilizing transistors and incorporated circuits.
Humans started to check out area with satellites (late 1950s, later utilized for telecommunication) and in manned missions (1960s) going all the way to the moon. In medicine, this era brought innovations such as open-heart surgical treatment and later stem-cell therapy along with brand-new medications and treatments. Complex production and building and construction methods and organizations are needed to make and keep a few of the newer technologies, and whole markets have developed to support and establish succeeding generations of progressively more complex tools.
Additionally, these innovations have become so complex that entire fields have established to support them, including engineering, medicine, and computer technology; and other fields have actually ended up being more intricate, such as construction, transport, and architecture. Viewpoint Technicism Normally, technicism is the belief in the energy of innovation for improving human societies.
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Some, such as Stephen V. Monsma, link these concepts to the abdication of religion as a higher moral authority. Optimism Optimistic presumptions are made by proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and singularitarianism, which see technological development as typically having useful effects for the society and the human condition. In these ideologies, technological advancement is morally good.
Singularitarians think in some sort of "speeding up change"; that the rate of technological development accelerates as we obtain more innovation, and that this will culminate in a "Singularity" after synthetic general intelligence is invented in which progress is nearly infinite; hence the term. Estimates for the date of this Singularity differ, but prominent futurist Ray Kurzweil estimates the Singularity will happen in 2045.