Understanding of means of achieving objectives A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electrical energy utilized today. Electrical energy intake and living standards are extremely correlated. Electrification is thought to be the most essential engineering achievement of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the amount of methods, skills, techniques, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of goals, such as scientific examination.
Systems (e. g. devices) using technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's usage, and then producing an outcome are described as innovation systems or technological systems. The simplest type of innovation is the development and usage of standard tools. The ancient discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Transformation increased the offered sources of food, and the development of the wheel helped people to travel in and control their environment.
Innovation has many impacts. It has actually helped establish advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has actually allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce undesirable spin-offs referred to as pollution and deplete natural deposits to the detriment of Earth's environment. Developments have always affected the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of innovation.
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Philosophical arguments have actually developed over making use of technology, with differences over whether innovation enhances the human condition or aggravates it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary movements slam the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it hurts the environment and pushes away people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as useful to society and the human condition.
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Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was utilized either to refer to the description or research study of the beneficial arts or to point to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the 2nd Industrial Transformation.