The application of scientific understanding A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electrical power used today. Electricity intake and living standards are highly associated. Electrification is thought to be the most important engineering achievement of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, shrewd of hand"; and -,) is the sum of methods, skills, approaches, and processes used in the production of products or services or in the achievement of goals, such as scientific examination.
Systems (e. g. makers) applying technology by taking an input, altering it according to the system's use, and then producing an result are described as technology systems or technological systems. The most basic type of technology is the development and usage of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the offered sources of food, and the development of the wheel assisted people to take a trip in and manage their environment.
Innovation has many effects. It has assisted develop more sophisticated economies (including today's global economy) and has permitted the increase of a leisure class. Lots of technological processes produce undesirable spin-offs called pollution and deplete natural deposits to the detriment of Earth's environment. Developments have actually constantly affected the worths of a society and raised brand-new questions in the principles of technology.
Philosophical disputes have actually arisen over the use of innovation, with differences over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and comparable reactionary motions criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it damages the environment and pushes away individuals; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as useful to society and the human condition.
Before the 20th century, the term was unusual in English, and it was used either to refer to the description or study of the beneficial arts or to mention technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Innovation (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the 2nd Industrial Transformation.