The application of clinical knowledge A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce the majority of the electricity used today. Electrical energy usage and living standards are highly correlated. Electrification is thought to be the most crucial engineering accomplishment of the 20th century.  Technology (" science of craft", from Greek, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -,) is the amount of methods, abilities, methods, and processes utilized in the production of products or services or in the achievement of goals, such as scientific investigation.
Systems (e. g. machines) applying innovation by taking an input, changing it according to the system's usage, and then producing an result are described as innovation systems or technological systems. The simplest type of technology is the advancement and usage of fundamental tools. The ancient discovery of how to manage fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the offered sources of food, and the creation of the wheel helped people to travel in and control their environment.
Technology has lots of effects. It has assisted develop more sophisticated economies (consisting of today's global economy) and has actually permitted the increase of a leisure class. Lots of technological processes produce undesirable spin-offs known as contamination and deplete natural deposits to the detriment of Earth's environment. Developments have always influenced the values of a society and raised new concerns in the principles of technology.
Philosophical disputes have actually occurred over making use of technology, with disputes over whether technology enhances the human condition or intensifies it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of innovation, arguing that it hurts the environment and pushes away people; advocates of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological development as useful to society and the human condition.
Prior to the 20th century, the term was unusual in English, and it was utilized either to refer to the description or study of the useful arts or to mention technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Transformation.