The Basic Principles Of Technology Networks - The Online Scientific Community
For instance, science may study the circulation of electrons in electrical conductors by utilizing already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge might then be utilized by engineers to develop brand-new tools and makers such as semiconductors, computers, and other forms of advanced technology. In this sense, scientists and engineers might both be thought about technologists ; the three fields are frequently thought about as one for the functions of research and referral. The specific relations between science and innovation, in particular, have actually been discussed by scientists, historians, and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part since the debate can notify the financing of basic and used science.
An expression of this viewpoint could be found explicitly in Vannevar Bush's writing on postwar science policy, Science The Endless Frontier: "New items, brand-new markets, and more jobs need continuous additions to understanding of the laws of nature ... This essential brand-new understanding can be acquired just through standard scientific research study." In the late-1960s, however, this view came under direct attack, leading towards initiatives to fund science for particular jobs (efforts resisted by the clinical community). The concern remains contentious, though the majority of experts withstand the model that innovation is an outcome of clinical research study.